Home Breaking News DR. BR. AMBEDKAR: A SYMBOL OF EQUALITY IN THE WORLD

DR. BR. AMBEDKAR: A SYMBOL OF EQUALITY IN THE WORLD

by Times One Odia
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Dr. Gunamani Sunani

Dr. Kapilendra Das

Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (1891-1956) notably regarded as the Architect/Father of the Indian Constitution was a great scholar with the highest intellectual integrity, a legal luminary with extraordinary acumen, a farsighted statesman, a true nationalist with great ability, a constitutional expert of exceptional learning, an exemplary anthropologist, a staunch and leading protagonist of democracy in true spirit and above all an extraordinary social reformer, true champion and foremost human rights activist who succeeded in turning the depressed class movement into a revolutionary movement throughout India. Consequently, today India has witnessed the oppressed classes walking on the street with confidence, of course, many deplorable acts of discrimination and violence against the scheduled caste, scheduled tribes, other backward classes, minorities, and women still occur. Many Indian leaders born from lower castes launched massive struggles for the dignity of the depressed and oppressed people and women but Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the most towering figure among these leaders.

Babasaheb Ambedkar was born on Indian soil on 14 April 1891 in a community of Dalits (Previously untouchable). in Hindu fold To commemorate the legacy and memory of this National Hero and not to forget his central thesis, thoughts, ideology, and, principles: liberty, equality, and fraternity, not to forget his advice and three slogans: educate, agitate, and organize “AMBEDKAR JAYANTI” or “BHIM JAYANTI” an annual festival is celebrated on 14 April which is the biggest Jayanti in the world. Senior personalities such as the President, the Prime Minister, and leaders of major political parties respect Ambedkar’s monument in the Indian Parliament in New Delhi. India is a vast country abundantly endowed with natural and human resources and inhabited by the people of different religions, castes, languages places,

customs, beliefs, and traditions and is characterized by wide social and economic inequality and discrimination. People have different cultures, food, clothes, and look different. The majority of the people of India live in poverty with no basic food, water, shelter, or clothes. There is no equal distribution of resources, though men are born, and always continue, free and equal respect of their rights. We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal but in practical life, this is not true. The great social stigma in India is the caste system (Chaturvarna- Brahman, Khyatriya, Baisya, and Sudra) and casteism, especially in Hindu society. The upper caste people are generally rich and educated leading a well-off life. Due to inequality, these weaker sections of the Indian society are economically, socially, and educationally backward and leading the life of misery and plight. For which they have been given reservations to bring them to the mainstream of the society. Various inequalities have been prevailing in Indian society. Women are not treated on par with their male counterparts in every respect. They are still harassed exploited and tortured. Though laws give equality to men and women yet discrimination is a reality that continues. Therefore Ambedkar blamed the Varna system, casteism which has not only subjugated sudra but also women in India. The prevailing systems and customs in the religion of Hindus in India are hostile to the interest of lower caste people (the Sudra) and women as well.

The caste system is the bane of the Indian Society. It divides Indian society into sectarian groups and classes. Even today it plays a predominant role in our Indian society, despite the growth of culture, education, and civilization. Though people from weaker sections (SC/ST/OBC) form over 73% of the population of India, the maximum of the powers, assets, and powerful positions vest in the hands of upper caste people, thereby the weaker sections endure discrimination, segregation, and exploitation. The scheduled castes, the scheduled tribes, and the other backward classes people in India continue to be on the priority list of the country’s developmental agenda, as they lag behind the rest of the society due to their social and economic backwardness. Poverty and social inequalities are complex in the Indian context.

Babasaheb Dr. B.R. Ambedkar had to endure insults and had a bitter taste and experienced discriminatory treatment, humiliation, injustice, and inequality due to his caste right from his early age which contributed to the formation of his philosophy finally to his conversion to Buddhism in 1956. He vowed to break away from untouchability and observed, “If I fail to do away with abominable thraldom and human injustice under which I was born has been groaning, I will put an end to my life with a bullet.” He stood for the social liberation, economic emancipation, and political advancement of the downtrodden millions.

Ambedkar dreamt of an India based on ideas of liberty, equality, and fraternity. His fight for the eradication of the caste system was not so much to gain rights for the downtrodden outcastes, but much more to reach the ideal of social equality. He dreamt of a country where all can live together without any discrimination, without inequality and injustice. His visionary approach emanates from his thirst for a just society, caste-less society, and vegetarian society. He focused on unity, equality, fraternity, and also on socio-economic democracy besides political democracy. But after 75 years of independence socio-economic evils and inequality are still prevailing in India. Further caste-based discrimination, increasing cases of atrocities against the depressed and oppressed section of Indian society, and a rising gap between rich and poor which is a great concern of our country.

Babasaheb’s dreamt of India could be a real India. Despite the hard efforts of governments, social organizations, several laws, and provisions. We the Indians have failed infringing equality, justice, and fraternity. We could not be able to materialize the dream of Babasaheb of making India which he dreamt about but celebrating his birthday anniversary on 14 April with all the pomp. Constitutional provisions are available for justice, equality and fraternity. The constitution of India guarantees six fundamental rights: The right to equality, the Right to freedom, the Right against exploitation, the Right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, and the Right to constitutional remedies. But it also becomes futile and fruitless.

Ambedkar noted that the democracy introduced by the constitution of India provided political equality of “one person, one vote and one vote, one value”. Without social and economic equality of “One person, one value”. Highlighting this contradiction in people in power, he asks: ” How long shall we continue to live this of contractions? How long shall we continue to deny equality in our social and economic life? If we continue for long, we will do so only by putting our democracy in peril. We must remove the contradiction at the earliest possible movement or else those who suffer from equality will blow up the structure of political democracy.”

Ambedkar’s view of democracy is particularly relevant because he was the only person among the giants of our freedom movement, who had first-hand experience of discrimination, segregation, and the untouchability of the historical social, economic, and political suppression of the weaker sections, from the, rose to International eminence.

India being a democratic and secular country is to deliver justice and equality to the weaker sections (SC/ST/OBC/Women) through affirmative action in order to enable them to live in a society with self-respect, dignity and without fear, violence, suppression, oppression from the dominant castes. Justice is the value of treating everybody equally without privilege and prejudice. It ensures equal opportunities for everyone and gives everybody his due.

Ambedkar has become an institution of salvation. He sacrificed his whole life in the struggle for the justice, equality, and liberty of the weaker sections of society. He was an uncompromising rebel against social injustice and inequality. He worked hard for the well-being of mankind humanity and for the transformation of man and society.

Ambedkar believed that Buddhist Philosophy has better ethical credentials that could supplement the ethical foundation of modern society. He offered “Fraternity” as the guiding principle for the new social and religious order. The caste order must be converted into a humanist social system, promising each equal capacities freedom, and power to achieve their life goals.

The constitution of India, written by Babasaheb Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the symbol of knowledge is based on the value of equality, liberty, and fraternity, which was adopted on January 26th. 1950. Not only India is taking cognizance of glory and honor for his tireless efforts towards the nation and his foresight, thoughts, ideology, and philosophy but also other countries of the world. However, it is quite true that so long as these social and economic inequalities persist, the country cannot boast of its developments, however great they may be.

Following Babasaheb’s three principles: Equality, Liberty, and Fraternity, and being concerned about inequality and inequity for its eradication most the countries of the world are observing 14 April as “DR. B.R. AMBEDKAR DAY OF EQUALITY” for the purpose of establishing “EQUALITY AND HUMANITY”.

By Dr. Gunamani Sunani

Social Activist

(gunamani.sunani@gmail.com)

Dr. Kapilendra Das

Social Activist.

(daskapilendra2012@gmail.com)

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